Before 
checking out the recommended web sites or surfing on your own, please use these online databases:

 Britannica Online

Student Resource Center

Multimedia Archive

Italian III -- Famous Italians

DANTE ALIGHIERI

MARIO ANDRETTI GIORGIO ARMANI ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI
ROBERTO BENIGNI ANDREA BOCELLI FRANK CAPRA ENRICO CARUSO
CAMILLO CAVOUR COLUMBUS LEONARDO 
da VINCI
JOE DIMAGGIO
FEDERICO FELLINI GALILEO GALILEI GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI AMADEO GIANNINI
SOPHIA LOREN NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI ROCKY MARCIANO GUGLIELMO MARCONI
GIUSEPPE MAZZINI MICHELANGELO MARIA MONTESSORI BENITO MUSSOLINI
LUCIANO PAVAROTTI LUIGI PIRANDELLO GIACOMO PUCCINI RAPHAEL

 

VITTORIO DE SICA FRANK SINATRA GIUSEPPI VERDI GIANNI VERSACE

 

DANTE ALIGHIERI

Renaissance Dante in Print (1472-1629) - an online exhibition with illuminated Renaissance editions of Dante's Divine Comedy.

Dante Alighieri on the Web - well-designed site; includes all of his works in Italian and Latin (no English translations), as well as biographical and related historical information (in English).

Dante Resources - essays, historical notes and images from "fellow pilgrims."

Digital Dante - Dore gallery of illustrations of Dante's works.

 

MARIO ANDRETTI

Andretti: Official Family Website - personal statistics and career highlights.

Mario Andretti - biography from Grand Prix Hall of Fame.

Mario Andretti: synonymous with racing - article written for ESPN.com by Larry Schwartz.

Motor Trend Article - Has it been 30 years? From Junior Edition K-12.

 

GIORGIO ARMANI

Giorgio Armani - exhibit with biographical info and photographs at the Guggenheim Museum.

Giorgio Armani - profile with key dates, awards, fashion lines from Modaitalia.net.

Interview: Giorgio Armani - how his legendary career began.

 

ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI

Travel Italy: St. Francis of Assisi - graphics with a short biography.

St. Francis of Assisi - bibliographic information for the Catholic Encyclopedia.

Patron Saints Index - profile of St. Francis of Assisi; illustrated.

Saint Francis of Assisi - biography from the book "Lives of Saints".

OFM.org - historical sketch, with illustrations.

 

ROBERTO BENIGNI

Internet Movie Database - facts, filmography, and links.

Roberto Benigni Fan Site - short biography with picture gallery.

Narrative Biography: Roberto Benigni - includes background, experience, and awards; from Student Resource Center.

Images from Google - links to images; check the thumbnail to be sure it's your person, then click on the thumbnail to go to the site.

 

ANDREA BOCELLI

The Bocelli Network: Biography - biographical information divided into four sections, with photographs.

Great Performances: Andrea Bocelli - in Meet the Artists, writer John Ardoin talks to Andrea Bocelli; in Behind the Scenes, you can learn more about Bocelli's life and work -- from PBS.

Andrea Bocelli - official website of the musician.

Artists A-Z: Andrea Bocelli - from VH1; includes news, biography, and links to other websites.

 

FRANK CAPRA

Frank Capra - biographical essay; from Student Resource Center.

Internet Movie Database - facts, filmography, and links.

Frank Capra - biography from St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture.

Multimedia Archive - photographs of the director and scenes from his films; from Multimedia Archive.

 

ENRICO CARUSO

Archive of Recorded Sound: Enrico Caruso - listen to the fabled voice on this rare recording from "Rigoletto," courtesy of the Braun Music Center at Stanford University.

Metropolitan Opera History: Caruso as Samson - article from New York Times and photos.

Images from Google - links to images; check the thumbnail to be sure it's your person, then click on the thumbnail to go to the site.

 

CAMILLO CAVOUR

Camillo Cavour - Encyclopedia Brittanica article.

Camillo Cavour - article from MSN Encarta.

Biography.com - short biography of the Count of Cavour.

 

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS

Christopher Columbus - puts Columbus' voyages in context with background to the Age of Discovery.

Christopher Columbus and the Spanish Empire
- looks at Spain's reasons for backing Columbus; great illustrations and maps.

The Columbus Navigation Homepage
- features discussions of his navigational methods and techniques, competing theories about his landfall, and detailed accounts of each of his voyages; offers as much information about Columbus' time as it does about the man himself and serves as an introduction to nautical science in the period; provides bibliography and links to other sites of interest..

1492: An Ongoing Voyage
- Library of Congress exhibit about the history and cultures of indigenous peoples in the Caribbean and North and South America; includes coverage of the political forces leading to European exploration, conquest, and settlement as well as of contacts between American peoples and Europeans between 1492 and 1600; maps.

Looks Are Deceiving: the Portraits of Christopher Columbus
- fascinating, if negative, look at Columbus; includes portraits (even "morphed" ones), his coat of arms, and other interesting tidbits. Be sure read and then click to explore this site.

The Mariners' Museum: The Explorations of Christopher Columbus
- biographical information; details and visuals of voyages.



JOE DIMAGGIO

Joe DiMaggio: The Hero's Life - in-depth look at the man by PBS's American Experience; includes primary source documents and photographs.

Joe DiMaggio Scrapbook - from the archives of Sporting News.

Washington Post: American Icon Joe DiMaggio Dies at 84 - extensive look at the man and his career; be sure to check out Related Items--includes tributes, chronology, gallery of pictures, and career stats.



LEONARDO DA VINCI

About Leonardo - arts and science driven inquiry exploring the mystery of the Mona Lisa, featuring original music composed by Leonardo da Vinci. Create musical greeting cards in one of 17 languages, take an online quiz and discover a dozen da Vinci diversions. Learn about Leonardo's Bronze Horse and the Mona Lisa Bridge. Site was created by students at John F. Kennedy High School in the Bronx with their partners in Sweden as a ThinkQuest project.

Artcyclopedia: Leonardo da Vinci - guide to 30 art museum sites and image archives where the works of Leonardo da Vinci can be viewed online; almost any link you click includes a biography.

Exploring Leonardo da Vinci - Leonardo's scientific and engineering works explained and explored.

Leonardo Da Vinci: A Man of Both Worlds - explore the many different aspects of Da Vinci. You will be able to view his artwork, study his scientific observations.

Leonardo da Vinci: Scientist, Inventor, Artist - an excellent, well-linked site that provides a look his total contributions--be sure to keep clicking on the links; each level divides to Scientist, Inventor, and Artist.

WebMuseum: Leonardo da Vinci
- biography and examples of his works, some with commentary.

Be sure to check out  the IHS Catalog for the many books the library has on Leonardo da Vinci.



FEDERICO FELLINI

Federico Fellini - biography of the director, screenwriter, and actor. 

Yahoo Movies: Federico Fellini - hyperlinked biography and filmography.

Biography.com - short biography of Fellini.

Multimedia Archive - photographs of the director and his artwork.

 

GALILEO GALILEI

Online From Jupiter: Galilei, Galileo - details the scientific environment in which Galileo worked, his observations with the telescope and his trial by Church authorities.

Biography.com: Galileo Galilei - brief overview follows Galileo from his studies at Pisa University to 1993 when his work was finally recognized by the Catholic Church.

Galilei, Galileo - profile of the astronomer outlines his major contributions to science; follow textual links to learn about sunspots and telescopes.

High Altitude Observatory: Galilei, Galileo - brief biography; follow textual links to learn about Galileo's publications, his science and his run-in with the Church.

Catholic Encyclopedia: Galilei, Galileo - lengthy biography details his life, scientific achievement and his clash with the Catholic Church.

The Galileo Project 2001 - hypertext source of information on the life and work of Galileo Galilei from Rice University.

Galileo: On the Shoulders of Giants - from the award-winning film; scroll down to Using the Movie--Helpful Background.

The Art of Renaissance Science - start with Introduction and continue with the section on Galileo.

 

GIUSEPPE GARIBALDI

The Anthony P. Campanella Collection of Giuseppe Garibaldi - extensive Garibaldi History site at the University of South Carolina; includes illustrations.

Famous Italians: Giuseppe Garibaldi - biographical information.

Life and Times of Giuseppe Garibaldi - nice timeline and illustrations; be aware site has a bias.

 

AMADEO GIANNINI

TIME 100: Builders & Titans - Amadeo Giannini - profile by Time magazine.

Who Made America? - biography of the famous innovator.

Images from Google - links to images; check the thumbnail to be sure it's your person, then click on the thumbnail to go to the site.

 

SOPHIA LOREN

E! Online: Sophia Loren - site starts with Facts; be sure to click on Credits and Stories.

Sophia Loren Gallery - click on thumbnail photos for full size images.

Sophia Loren Official Website - includes bio, awards, films, quotes, and photo gallery.

 

NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI

Biography.com: Machiavelli - biography and importance.

The History Guide: Niccolo Machiavelli - career and importance; links to his works and an except from one.

Biographies: Machiavelli - describes his views and asserts that students must read both "The Prince" and "The Discourses" to get a complete idea of his philosophy.

Modern World History: Machiavelli, Niccolo - history teacher provides this brief biography along with an excerpt of Machiavelli's introduction to "The Prince" for his students.

World Civilizations: Machiavelli, Niccolo - lengthy biography follow Machiavelli from his childhood through his death, addresses his lack of political loyalty, and details his writings.

Internet Philosophy Encyclopedia: Machiavelli, Niccolo - overview of the life of one of the most important Renaissance philosophers and his famous treatise, "The Prince."

Machiavelli, Niccolo: How Machiavellian Are You - quiz that lets visitors determine how closely their thinking is to Machiavelli's; includes brief biography.

 

ROCKY MARCIANO

International Boxing Hall of Fame - looks at Rocky Marciano's career.

Italian American Web Site of New York: Rocky Marciano - brief bio and photo.

Rocky Marciano's Home Page - photo gallery, record, biography and memorabilia.

 

GUGLIELMO MARCONI

US Marconi Museum of Radio Communication - learn about the "Father of Radio."

A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: Guglielmo Marconi - brief bio from PBS. 

Guglielmo Marconi - biography from Nobel e-Museum; includes presentation speech and lecture.

The Great Idea Finder - inventor's profile, with links.

 

GIUSEPPE MAZZINI

Giuseppe Mazzini - biographical information.

1848 Personalities - his significance to Italian Unification.

Giuseppe Mazzini: The Duties of Man - excerpts in Mazzini's own words published online by the Hanover Historical Texts Project.

Modern History Sourcebook: Giuseppe Mazzini: On Nationality, 1852 - Mazzini's words on how the creation of a democratic Italian state was crucial to Italy's development.

Images from Google - links to images; check the thumbnail to be sure it's your person, then click on the thumbnail to go to the site.

 

MICHELANGELO

WebMuseum, Paris: Michelangelo - the man, his significance, and his works.

Michelangelo Buonarroti - illustrated exhibit on the life of this famous Italian Renaissance sculptor and painter looks at his early life, mid years, and final days.

Michelangelo - well-written, humanizing biography of this genius, from the book Michelangelo: The Complete Sculpture, Painting, Architecture.

WebGallery of Art: Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni - biography and virtual museum gallery of his sculptures, paintings, frescoes, drawings, and architectural works--many with commentary.

Artcyclopedia: Michelangelo Buonarroti - Guide to 30 art museum sites and image archives where Michelangelo's paintings and sculptures can be viewed online.

Michelangelo: Artist and Aristocrat, a Biography - excerpted from the book Michelangelo: The Complete Sculpture, Painting, Architecture; includes chronology.

Thais: 1200 Years of Italian Sculpture - image archive with good photographs of many of Michelangelo's sculptures. Text is in Italian and English.

Be sure to check out  the IHS Catalog for the many books the library has on Michelangelo.

 

MARIA MONTESSORI

Maria Montessori - biography.

Maria Montessori - biography with photograph.

Dr. Maria Montessori - information from the official Montessori education website.

Multimedia Archive - view photos of Dr. Montessori with her students.

 

BENITO MUSSOLINI

Grolier Online - profile of the dictator includes details on his early life, his rise to power as the ruler of Italy, and his eventual downfall.

Modern History Sourcebook: Benito Mussolini: What is Fascism, 1932 - text of Mussolini's entry for the Italian Encyclopedia on the definition of fascism.

Italian Life Under Facism: Selections from the Fry Collection - virtual exhibit from the Special Collections Memorial Library of the University of Wisconsin-Madison; click on links at left.

About.com: 20th Century History - links to various sites of Italian Fascist Leader Benito Mussolini.

 

LUCIANO PAVAROTTI

Luciano Pavarotti Official Web Site - includes biography and profile, discography, concert schedule, videography, downloadable opera and songs.

On a High Note: Luciano Pavarotti - Nancy Wilson for Cigar Aficionado Magazine profiles internationally acclaimed opera tenor Luciano Pavarotti. Includes photographs.

Sony Classical: Luciano Pavarotti - bio and discography.

Altocelebs: Pavarotti - brief bio and factoids with links to photos.

Luciano Pavarotti: An Introduction - from Amazon.com.

The Smoking Gun Archives - Pavarotti's backstage requests.

 

LUIGI PIRANDELLO

Luigi Pirandello - information from the Pirandello Society of America.

Luigi Pirandello - biographical information with an interesting tidbit about his death.

Luigi Pirandello - short biographical sketch of the literary artist.

Luigi Pirandello - biography from the Nobel Foundation.

ClassicNotes: Luigi Pirandello - biographical and literary information.

Images from Google links to images; check the thumbnail to be sure it's your person, then click on the thumbnail to go to the site.

 

GIACOMO PUCCINI

Giacomo Puccini - his life, his operas, gallery of pictures and posters.

Classical Music Pages: Puccini - bio from The Grove Concise Dictionary of Music; photo.

PBS Online: Meet Puccini - premiere of Chinese director Zhang Yimou's Maggio Musicale production of Turandot in the true-life setting of Puccini's immortal opera fairy tale; this link takes you Behind the Scenes, where a journalist friend and contemporary of Puccini's describes the composer.

Puccini's Operas - offers basic information and a list of where the operas appear in movies.

 

RAPHAEL

WebMuseum, Paris: Raphael - the artist, his significance, and his works.

WebGallery of Art: Raffaello Sanzio - biography and virtual museum gallery of his works, many with commentary.

National Gallery of Art: Raphael - news release of Raphael exhibit comments on his influence and importance.

Artcyclopedia: Raphael - guide to 30 museum sites and image archives where Raphael's masterworks can be viewed online.

Raffaello Sanzio - info and images; click on images to enlarge.

 

VITTORIO DE SICA

Yahoo!Movies: Vittorio De Sica - biography and filmography.

Vittorio De Sica - profile and selected filmography from Sony Pictures Classics.

A Noble Ruin: Remembering De Sica - retrospective look at his works, quotes, photo.

Vittorio De Sica - from Encarta Online Encyclopedia.

Celebrity Biography: Vittorio De Sica - biography from Hollywood.com.

Images from Google -  links to images; check the thumbnail to be sure it's your person, then click on the thumbnail to go to the site.

 

FRANK SINATRA

The Kennedy Center Honors Frank Sinatra - look at his life and career.

RollingStone.com: Frank Sinatra - includes bio, photo gallery, news, discography, album reviews, audio/video, message boards and more.

Frank Sinatra - official site of the artist.

Frank Sinatra - Time 100 profile of Frankie.

Multimedia Archive - multiple photos of Frank throughout his life.

 

GIUSEPPI VERDI

ClassicalNet: Verdi - review the life and works of the composer, and read synopses of the operas with character lists and memorable sections of music from each one.

Verdiana - the cyber home of Italian maestro Verdi, the composer responsible for such operas as La Traviata. Includes biography, portrait, and links.

Giuseppi Verdi - outline of the artist's life and achievements.

Giuseppi Verdi - biography with additional links.



GIANNI VERSACE

Versace - official fashion web site.

Gianni Versace: Biography - key dates.

The Versace Murder - links to TIME archives and online discussion of the case. 


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Updated 11/04