Industrial Revolution & Progressive Era
in context of maggie: a girl of the streets

Industrial Development

Robber Barons

Immigration & Urbanization

Economic &Industrial Reform

Industrialization &The American Farmer

Political & Social 
Reform

Inventions

Rockefeller & Standard Oil

Growth of Cities (Urbanization, 1865-1910)

Ida Tarbell & Standard Oil

William Jennings Bryan & Rural America

Lincoln Steffens

Communications

Carnegie & Carnegie Steel

Changing Patterns of Immigration
(1860-1920)

Frank Norris & Railroads

Agrarian Protests: 
The Granger Movement

Thomas Nast

New Energy Sources

Upton Sinclair & Meatpacking

Agrarian Protests:
Populism

NAWSA: Carrie Chapman Catt

Transportation

Teddy Roosevelt & Trusts

DuBois / Washington

Henry Ford & Auto Industry

T Roosevelt & Conservation

Legalization of Birth Control &
Margaret Sanger

George Eastman & Photography

Child Labor, 1860-1920

 Temperance: WCTU

Growth of Labor Unions

Jane Addams & Hull House

Major Labor Strikes, 1865-1910

Lillian Wald & Henry Street Settlement House

Eugene V. Debs  & ARU

Jacob Riis & the Influence of Photography

Mary Harris "Mother" Jones

    



Industrial Development

Inventions
The Industrial Revolution (1700 - Present)
The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920)- Scroll down to Section B : Industrial expansion; inventions, resources, government support.
Age of Industry- links to inventions in agriculture, transportation, communication, and general technology. 
19th Century Inventions - timeline of inventions with links to sites; click at bottom of timeline to continue into the 1900s.
A Science Odyssey: Technology Then and Now - from PBS.

 

Communications
The Invention of the Telephone - detailed multi-paged site that traces the evolution of the telephone.
The Telegraph - overview of invention of the telegraph.
Age of Industry -  links arranged by topic; including Communication.
The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920)- Scroll down to Section B.  Industrial expansion; inventions, resources, government support.

 

New Energy Sources
The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920)- Scroll down to Section B : Industrial expansion; inventions, resources, government support.
Coal Mining in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era - Collection of pictures and text from Ohio State University.
Industrial Expansion 1860-1890 - overview of expansion causes.

 

Transportation
Railroads, The First Big Business - a look at how railroads came to be "big business;" be sure to check out all the links that apply.
The Iron Horse: The Impact of the Railroads on 19th Century American Society - follow the links.
Transportation and the Expansion of America - specifically focused on how the railroads contributed to the Expansion of America. 
Age of Industry -  links arranged by topic; including Transportation.
The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920) - Scroll down to Section B : Industrial expansion; inventions, resources, government support.
Railroads: The American Experience - Story of the building of the first railroad link connecting the East to the West.
The Railroad Builders: A Chronicle of the Welding of the States - excerpts from book by John Moody.

 

Henry Ford & the Auto Industry
The Life of Henry Ford: Online Exhibit - all about the man and his company.
Inventor Henry Ford - profile from The Great Idea Finder.
Driving Force: Henry Ford - former Chrysler executive Lee Iacocca tells the story of his meeting with Ford, and describes the man's vision and accomplishments. 
Henry Ford and the Model T - chronicles the development and mass production of the Model T or "Tin Lizzie" and it's virtual monopoly of the car market in 1908. 
Age of Industry -  links arranged by topic; including Transportation.
 
 



George Eastman & Photography
George Eastman ... The Man - background of George Eastman by Kodak; scroll to Benefiting the Employee, Giving Away His Fortune, and The Vision of a Pioneer.
George Eastman: America's Unknown Giant of Philanthropy - looks at his contributions to the community as well as to the field of corporate philanthropy.
George Eastman and His Development of Kodak Equipment - by U of R students.
Inventor George Eastman - facts about George Eastman, inventor of the first film in roll form and the Kodak camera in 1884; be sure to check out the links.

 

Robber Barons

John D. Rockefeller & Standard Oil
John D Rockfeller and the Standard Oil Company - discover how he came to dominate the
oil industry for 50 years.
John D. and Standard Oil - a look at the growth of the trust.
American Experience: The Rockefellers - PBS looks at Ida Tarbell's impact on Rockefeller's empire.
The Ghost of John D. Rockefeller - Foundation for Economic Education looks at Standard Oil
and events leading to break-up of the trust in comparison to Microsoft.
Witch-Hunting for Robber Barons: The Standard Oil Story - monopoly or not?--a libertarian's view.
 

 

Andrew Carnegie & Carnegie Steel   
The Richest Man in the World: Andrew Carnegie - website to accompany a multi-part television biography of Andrew Carnegie by PBS as part of their series, "The American Experience."
An Outline of American History: Growth and Transformation - a look at Carnegie and the era of steel.
Andrew Carnegie - a look at the man and his impact from Spartacus Education Online.
The Homestead Strike 1892 - a look at the town and the strike.

 

Changing Patterns of Immigration
The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920)- Scroll down to Section E : New immigration.
The American Immigration Home Page- describes how immigrants were treated, and why they decided to come to America.
Immigration in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era- article from Humanities and Social Sciences Online.
Immigration: 1900-1920- immigration patterns from The University of California, Riverside.
The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: A Guide to Resources & Research on the Web- scroll down to The New Immigration and Urban America for a listing of links.

 

 

Immigration & Urbanization
Growth of Cities
The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920)- Scroll down to Section E : Life in growing American cities.
The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: A Guide to Resources & Research on the Web- scroll down to The New Immigration and Urban America for a listing of links.
The Era of Expansion and Reform: Cities and Problems Multiply- essay from An Outline of American History.

 

 

Economic & Industrial Reform
Ida Tarbell
Notable Women: Ida Tarbell - biography with links from About.com.
Ida Tarbell - article from Student Resource Center **(See Student Planner for Passwords)         
American Experience: The Rockefellers - PBS looks at Ida Tarbell's impact on Rockefeller's empire.
Ida Tarbell - links from About.com.
Ida Tarbell Home Page - Alleghany College profiles career and impact of famous 1880 alumna; be sure to follow the links!
John D Rockefeller and Standard Oil: The Nightmare Begins - extract from Ida Tarbell's The History of the Standard Oil Company.
John D Rockfeller and the Standard Oil Company - discover how he came to dominate the oil industry for 50 years.
John D. and Standard Oil - a look at the growth of the trust.
The History of the Standard Oil Company - electronic text version of Ida Tarbell's expose.
The Myth of Predatory Pricing - policy analysis refuting claim Standard Oil set predatory pricing.
Witch-Hunting for Robber Barons: The Standard Oil Story - monopoly or not?--a libertarian's view.


 

Frank Norris & Railroads
Frank Norris - a look at the man and his impact from Spartacus Education Online.
The Octopus by (Benjamin) Frank(lin) Norris, (Jr.)
- plot summary of The Octopus from the Student Resource Center Gold.  ** (see student planner for passwords)
(Benjamin) Frank(lin) Norris, (Jr.)
- biography from the Student Resource Center Gold.  ** (See Student Planner for Passwords)
Frank Norris Works on the Railroads - from Odds & Ends: A Newsletter of Eagles Byte Historical Research.
The Railroad Builders: A Chronicle of the Welding of the States - e-text of book by John Moody.
Transportation and the expansion of America - specifically focused on how the railroads contributed to the expansion of America. 

 
Upton Sinclair
Living and Dying in Packingtown, Chicago - from The Jungle.
The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930): Meat-packing House Inspections - letter from Upton Sinclair to President Theodore Roosevelt, March 10, 1906.
Upton Sinclair - article from Student Resource Center. **(See student planner for Passwords)  
The Pure Food and Drug Act Passed by the U.S. Congress, June 30, 1906 - article from Student Resource Center.  **(See student planner for Passwords)  
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair - full text of work with a search tool.

 

 
Teddy Roosevelt & Trusts
Theodore Roosevelt - from Student Resource Center. **(See Student Planner for Passwords)
Roosevelt, Theodore - from Encyclopedia Britannica. **(See Student Planner for Passwords)
The American Presidency: Theodore Roosevelt – extensive biography, be sure to read the section Domestic Affairs.
Roosevelt and the Trusts - hyperlinked text with political cartoons.
Theodore Roosevelt - biographical information and links from the Internet Public Library. 
President Roosevelt and the Trusts - extract from First Annual Message to Congress, December 3, 1901.
Theodore Roosevelt: Domestic Policy - essay from PBS. 
Theodore Roosevelt - general bio with some specifics from Ohio State University.
The Trusts, the People, and the Square Deal - editorial by Theodore Roosevelt, 1911.
To what extent did Theodore Roosevelt provide a square deal for the American people? - outline from a US History class.

 

 
Teddy Roosevelt & Conservation
TR's Legacy: The Environment - Roosevelt's legacy from The American Experience.
Conservation in the Progressive Era - overview of Roosevelt's policies along with documents.
Theodore Roosevelt Association: Conservation - listing of Roosevelt's many conservation achievements. 

The American Presidency: Theodore Roosevelt - extensive biography, be sure to read the section Conservation of Natural Resources

TR's Legacy - The Environment  - describes Roosevelt's impact on environmental policies. 
Theodore Roosevelt - biographical information and links from the Internet Public Library. 

 

Child Labor
Child Labor - overview of the social issue, crusaders, and legislation; hypertexted, so click on links.
The Campaign to End Child Labor - the Progressive Era campaign to end child labor, with photographs, political cartoons, poems, essays and books by Jane Addams, Edwin Markham, Scott Nearing, Mother Jones, Felix Adler, Lewis Hine, and others.
The History Place: Child Labor - child labor in America 1908-1912, photographs by Lewis W. Hine with the original photo captions. 
Children of the Coal Fields: Classroom or Breaker? - be sure to check out Part I and Part II.
Child Labor and Child Labor Reform in American History - primary source documents from Ohio State University.
 
Growth of Labor Unions
American Labor Unions - online text; select appropriate chapters.
Encyclopaedia of USA History: Trade Unions - scroll down to Trade Union Organizations; original source material.
Labor Unions in the United States - helpful links from Suite101.com
A Curriculum of United States Labor History for Teachers - sponsored by the Illinois Labor History Society; select your time frame from the Table of Contents. 
Labor Management Conflict - original source material from Ohio State University.
Between a Rock and a Hard Place: A History of American Sweatshops 1880-1940 - interactive exhibit.

 
Major Labor Strikes, 1865-1910
A Curriculum of United States Labor History for Teachers - provides overview and outline of major events, including strikes.
The Advent of Modern America (1865 to 1920)- Scroll down to Section D: Organizing 19th century labor; aims, strikes, and obstacles.
American Labor Unions - online text; select appropriate chapters.
Encyclopaedia of USA History: Trade Unions - scroll down to Events & Issues.
The Anthracite Coal Strike 1902 - links from The Ohio State University Department of History.
Strike at Homestead Mill- description from PBS.
The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: A Guide to Resources & Research on the Web - see the Labor links. 

 

 
Eugene V. Debs
Eugene V. Debs Foundation - select from the menu: Personal History, Union Leader, Political Activist, and Social Leader.
Gene Debs and the American Railway Union - the beginnings of the ARU by the Illinois Labor History Society.
United States Strike Commission: THE AMERICAN RAILWAY UNION
E. V. Debs Proclamation to American Railway Union - original source material.
Eugene Victor Debs - article from Student Resource Center.  **(See Student Planner for Passwords
Debs, Eugene V. - hypertext article from Britannica.com. **(See Student Planner for Passwords)
Events of the Pullman Strike - from Ohio State University.
Labor Conflicts and Unionism: the American Railway Union

 

 

Mary Harris / "Mother Jones"
The Autobiography of Mother Jones - online edition of her own words.
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones (1830-1930) - biographical timeline along with contextual information.
Notable Women: Mother Jones - biography with links from About.com.
"Mother" Mary Harris Jones (1830-1930) - biography from the National Women's Hall of Fame.
Mary 'Mother' Jones - biography with hyperlinks.
Mother Jones: The Miners' Angel - from The Illinois Labor History Society.
Mother Jones (Mary Harris Jones) - short biography with extensive links. 
Jones, Mother - hypertext article from Britannica.com. **(See Student Planner for Passwords)             
Mary Harris (Mother) Jones  - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)   

 

 

 

William Jennings Bryan and Rural America
"Cross Of Gold" Speech - text of this famous and most effective speech ever delivered at a notional party convention.
William Jennings Bryan - brief biography with links to related topics
William Jennings Bryan - the man and his career from HistoryLink.com.
William Jennings Bryan Recognition Project - a chronicle of his life and accomplishments
American Monetary Institute - a fascinating look at the agrarian protest and Bryan paralleled in The Wizard of Oz.
Recording of William Jennings Bryan - "An Ideal Republic Immortality"

 

 

Agrarian Protests - Granger Movement

Granger Movement - brief overview from Columbia Encyclopedia.
Granger Movement - hypertext article from Britannica.com. **(See Student Planner for Passwords)             
The Granger Revolution - describes the origins of the Granger Movement.
Resolutions: Illinois State Farmers' Association - passed in Springfield, these resolutions typify time grievances the Granger movement tried to remedy, particularly the farmers' complaints against the railroads and their demand for effective state regulation.
Agrarian Distress and the Rise of Populism - times and events that spurred the Granger Movement and Populism.
The Order of Patrons of Husbandry -- The National Grange - links to history and purpose of the National Grange.
The Emergence of Modern America, 1877-1917 - PowerPoint presentations from Ohio State University, History 563 covering the emergence of modern America, Agrarian Protest, child labor reform, and immigration. 

 

 

Agrarian Protests - Populism
U.S. History Curriculum: 1890s Populism - check out the first two Learning Objectives: Understanding the status of agriculture at the end of the nineteenth century and Understand the Populist Movement.
Populist Party Platform, July 4, 1892 - full-text of party's political platform for first national convention.
Agrarian Distress and the Rise of Populism - times and events that spurred the Granger Movement and Populism.
How Ya' Gonna' Keep 'Em Down on the Farm?: The Rise of Populism - lecture notes form American History 102. 

 

Lincoln Steffens
Lincoln Steffens - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)         
Lincoln Steffens - brief bio and look at his impact.
Lincoln Steffens - hypertext article from Britannica.com. **(See Student Planner for Passwords)  
Lincoln Steffens: From The Shame of the Cities - articles from McClure’s magazine in 1902 and 1903 and then
collected in The Shame of the Cities, published in 1904. 

 

Thomas Nast
Teaching History Online: Thomas Nast - hypertext biography with illustrations.
The Ethics of Cartooning - discusses the medium, its impact, and Nast--the "father of political cartoons."
Thomas Nast - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)         
The Cartoons - the world of Thomas Nast in cartoons.
The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson: Thomas Nast - brief biography of Nast.
Thomas Nast - brief bio and look at his impact.

 

National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA): Carrie Chapman Catt
The American Experience: Suffrage History - talks about the evolvement of NAWSA from the schism between the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association; discusses Catt's role.
Carrie Chapman Catt - looks at impact of this key coordinator of the suffrage movement.
Carrie Chapman Catt - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)             
About Carrie Chapman Catt - biography courtesy of the U.S. Library of Congress and the National 19th Amendment Society, with hyperlinks for clarification.
History of the League of Women Voters - overview how the organization evolved.
Today in History: Congress Approves Nineteenth Amendment - hypertext article from Library of Congress' American Memory.

 

W. E. B. DuBois 
W(illiam) E(dward) B(urghardt) DuBois - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)             
The African Americans Search for Truth and Knowledge - DuBois' response to the times.
A Biographical Sketch of W.E.B. DuBois - biographical essay. 

Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington - biographical essay from the University of North Carolina. 
Booker Taliaferro Washington - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)             

 

Margaret Sanger
Notable Women: Margaret Sanger - biography with links from About.com.
Margaret Sanger - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)             
Margaret Sanger Papers - in-depth coverage; begin with About Margaret Sanger.
Sanger Fact Sheet - Planned Parenthood's overview of Sanger; discusses eugenics.
Time 100: Margaret Sanger - article by Gloria Steinem on Sanger and her impact.
The American Baby Code - Sanger's controversial article that appeared in American Weekly Magazine in 1934.

 

Temperance Movement: WCTU/Prohibition
Ardent Spirits: The Origins of the American Temperance Movement - thorough look at the movement.
Reform Movements: Temperance (1815-1850) - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)             
Temperance & Prohibition - development of the Prohibition movement.
Women's Christian Temperance Union - history of the movement; be sure to check out the links to the 1873 Women's Crusades, and Early WCTU.
Anti-Saloon League 1893-1933 - extensive links throughout the site take you to all aspects of the Temperance Movement.
History of Alcohol Prohibition - chronology from 1600s; scroll to 1870-1913: Toward a National Conscience.
Prohibition on the Progressive Era - overview from American Memory along with documents.  

 

 

Jane Addams
Notable Women: Jane Addams - biography with links from About.com.
Hull House Association - bio, links, images.
Jane Addams - hypertext bio and coverage of start of Hull House; includes excerpts from her works.
Jane Adams - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)         
Jane Addams - bio and accomplishments.
Jane Addams Hull-House Museum - links include biography, chronology, and Hull-House firsts.
Women in History: Jane Addams - biography includes list of websites.
A View of Jane Addams's Hull House as a Feminist Initiative - looks at how Addams fit into Progressive thinking.
 

 

Lillian Wald
Henry Street Settlement - pictures and info.
Jewish Women's Archive: Lillian Wald - multimedia exhibit on Lillian Wald; includes an online search engine of archival finding aids.
Lillian Wald - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)             
Profiles in Caring: Lillian D. Wald - bio and legacy.
How the Other Half Lives - hypertext version with illustrations.
Masters of Photography: Jacob Riis - brief look at Riis and his work from The Encyclopedia of
Photography.

Jacob  Riis

Jacob A. Riis: Photographer and Reformer - brief look at Riis and the impact of his works from the
Museum of the City of New York with links to his collection there.
Jacob Riis - article from Student Resource Center **(See student planner for Passwords)         
The Jacob A. Riis Collection - discusses Riis' photographs and intent.

Coney Island
Coney Island History- This website includes history, maps, photos etc.

Central Park
Olmstead, Frederick Law- Biography of acclaimed designer of Central park.
Central Park's Official Website- Includes a photo tour and history of the famous park.

Gangs of New York
Gangs of New York-Comparing modern movie to actual events.