Major Concepts in This Unit:

What are minerals?

  • How are minerals classified?
  • What characteristics are used to identify minerals?
  • How does mineral fracture differ from mineral cleavage?
  • What are the most common elements in the earth's crust?
  • How does the arrangement of atoms in a mineral's structure control its physical properties?
  • EARTH SCIENCE REFERENCE TABLES - PAGES 11 + 16

What are Sedimentary Rocks?

  • What are the characteristics of sedimentary rocks?
  • How are clastic sedimentary rocks classified?
  • How are organic and chemical sedimentary rocks similar to clastic sedimentary rocks?   How do they differ?
  • How does the texture of a sedimentary rock give clues to its environment of formation?
  • EARTH SCIENCE REFERENCE TABLES - PAGE 7 (top)

What are Igneous Rocks?

  • What are the characteristics of igneous rocks?
  • What physical/chemical characteristics are used to identify igneous rocks?
  • How does the texture of an igneous rock give clues to its environment of formation?
  • How does the mineral composition of an igneous rock give clues to its environment of formation?
  • EARTH SCIENCE REFERENCE TABLES - PAGE 6 (bottom)

What are Metamorphic Rocks?

  • What are the characteristics of metamorphic rocks?
  • What physical/chemical characteristics are used to identify metamorphic rocks?
  • How are metamorphic rocks similar to igneous and/or sedimentary rocks?  How do they differ?
  • EARTH SCIENCE REFERENCE TABLES - PAGE 7 (bottom)

What is the Rock Cycle?

  • What rock cycle processes are taking place at the surface of the earth?
  • What processes are taking place in the interior of the earth?
  • Be prepared to detail the travels of a mineral through the rock cycle.
  • EARTH SCIENCE REFERENCE TABLES - PAGE 6 (top)

Rock and Mineral Practice Questions:

Click here for a practice test with answers!

Rock and Mineral Vocabulary List:

  • Need the definition to some tricky science word?  Try a OneLook Online Dictionary search.  Hint: scroll down for the science words category.
     

Vocabulary Terms:

Igneous
Metamorphic
Sedimentary
Felsic
Mafic
Foliated
Crystalline
Clastic
Organic
Evaporite
Fossil
Plutonic (intrusive)
Volcanic (extrusive)
Mineral
Silicate
Carbonate
Sulfide
Tetrahedron
Lithification
Sediment
Magma
Lava

 

Vocabulary-Building Strategy #1
"Super Flash Cards"

  • Find (or make) some 3" x 5" index cards.
  • Decorate the cover of your index cards (the unlined side).  Be sure to label the cards with the name of the unit and include your own name in case you misplace your cards.
  • Create a card for each word on the vocabulary list (at left) by writing a vocabulary term on the front of each card.
  • Divide the back of the card into three sections, one for the definition, one for a picture or diagram, and one for an example of the term.
  • Vocabulary Term
    Picture
    Definition
    Example
    Clip your cards together with a ring to keep them all together for studying.

Rock and Mineral Links:

Need to know the true identity of that cool rock that Mr. Liener gave you the first day of school?  Check out the coolest collection of earth materials at the:
Rock Cycle Tutorial from your textbook
Mineral Gallery
Mineral Database
Igneous Rock Tutorial and Quiz
The Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom
Discover how rocks are formed with Rock Hounds

 

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